Formal institution

Tools

Developing Strategies for Change During Street Experiments

Many factors at play when it comes to organizing successful street experiments. In our research, we identified enablers and barriers that either support or limit street experiments on their way to triggering system change. Additionally, we recognized the role that municipalities adopt towards street experiments as particularly important in this process. The Developing Strategies for Change workshop brings these findings together and offers an interactive format for civil servants to explore different roles and enable collaboration between departments.

Show more…
Research

Urban transport experimentation: a network or hybrid governance process?

This chapter examines the governance of urban transport experimentation, emphasizing the role of collaboration and partnerships beyond government for policy innovation. It explores two propositions: whether municipal governments should primarily enable activities by civil society and private actors, and if voluntary experiment partnerships with shared sustainability goals effectively co-create policy innovations. Using empirical research from 108 transport experiments in Bristol and New York City (1996-2016), it finds that non-state involvement and network partnerships can be crucial but are not essential. Instead, urban transport experimentation is better characterized as ‘hybrid governance,’ featuring multiple co-existing governance modes.

Show more…
Research

The role of municipalities and their impact on the transitional capacity of city street experiments: Lessons from Ghent

City street experiments can drive systemic change in urban mobility but often face institutional barriers limiting their effectiveness. This paper examines how municipalities’ roles—promoter, enabler, and partner—affect the transitional capacity of street experiments. Using the Living Streets program in Ghent, Belgium as a case study, we find that municipal leadership and legitimacy, particularly in promoter and enabler roles, enhance transitional capacity in the early stages, especially for radical, contentious experiments. Provision of financial, material, and human resources is crucial regardless of role. We also discuss two dilemmas: whether street experiments should be temporary and if their low-risk nature can align with long-term urban mobility policies.

Show more…